Academics perception of public areas video surveillance in smart cities

Main Article Content

Branko Markovic http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1529-2408 Dejan Ilic http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8966-9955 Dragan Milosevic Ivana Ilic http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7364-8236

Abstract

The growing trend of the urban population looks for the formation of the concept of Smart Cities, based on the principles of sustainable development, which will meet the needs of people who live in them. The city must develop its public service infrastructure to provide all the requirements for the population. One of the requirements, people living in cities is the security of public areas managed by the city. The system of video surveillance, public areas should contribute to the personal safety of citizens, children and traffic, reducing the rate of crime and more efficient operation of public services. This research aims to examine academics' opinions (perceptions) about the impact of security cameras on increasing security within the concept of Smart Cities. The research had conducted on the territory of Serbia through an online survey. The obtained data were processed statistically by Chi-square and T-test, ANOVA method, multiple regression and correlation using SPSS application. The research indicates that academics much more believe in the contribution of video surveillance, reducing the crime rate, than studies of the effectiveness of the use of video surveillance shows. Video camera monitoring accelerates the reactions of competent services, but video camera recordings have not always been accepted as evidence in court.

Article Details

How to Cite
MARKOVIC, Branko et al. Academics perception of public areas video surveillance in smart cities. Economics, Management and Sustainability, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 21-33, nov. 2021. ISSN 2520-6303. Available at: <https://jems.sciview.net/index.php/jems/article/view/145>. Date accessed: 21 jan. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.14254/jems.2021.6-2.2.
Section
Articles

References

Agarwal, P., Singh Kahlon, S., Bisht, N., Dash, P., Ahuja, S., & Goyal, A. (2018). Abandoned object detection and tracking using cctv camera. In book: Information and Communication Technology for Sustainable Development, pp.483-492; https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-3920-1_49
Alexandrie, G. (2017). Surveillance cameras and crime: a review of randomised and natural experiments. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, pp. 210-222. https://doi.org/10.1080/14043858.2017.1387410
Brandon C. &Welsh, D. P. & Taheri, S.A. (2015). Effectiveness and Social Costs of Public Area Surveillance for Crime Prevention. The Annual Review of Law and Social Science, pp.111-130. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-120814-121649
Daniel P. Stevens. Public Perceptions of Threat in Britain: Security in an Age of Austerity. Downloaded from https://gtr.ukri.org/project/5AA4DC34-B98E-427F-BC41-EC2CBCDFCB7B (2020, 12 10).
East Tennessee State University (2020). Personal safety, https://www.etsu.edu/safety/personal_safety/ (09.05.2020).
Emas, R. (2015). Brief for GSDR 2015. The concept of sustainable development: definition and defining principle, Florida International University, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/5839GSDR%202015_SD_concept_definiton_rev.pdf (07.05.2020).
Firman, J. (2009). Eye on the city: Do cameras reduce crime? (M. BARAM, Novinar) abcnews. https://abcnews.go.com/US/story?id=3360287&page=1 (01.05.2020).
Fuentes, L.M., & Velastin, S.A. (2004). Tracking-based event detection for CCTV systems. Pattern Anal Applic, 7, 356–364. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10044-004-0236-z
Gill, M., & Spriggs, A. (2005). Assessing the Impact of CCTV, Great Britain Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate London, England, ISBN 1-84473-581.8. https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=232616 (12.05.2020).
Günther, H. (2020). Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Stockholm, June 16 1972, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, June 14 1992, Audiovisual Library of International Law, https://legal.un.org/avl/ha/dunche/dunche.html (04.05.2020).
Hall, R.E. (2000). The vision of a smart city, Proceedings, 2nd International Life Extension Technology Workshop, Paris, France, September 28, https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/773961 (05.05.2020).
Ilić, D. (2018). Savremene tehnologijei novi koncepti menadžmenta. Faculty of Information Technology and Engineering (FITI), Belgrade, ISBN 978-86-81400-02-9.
Ilić, P. (2012). O definisanju i definicijama nacionalne bezbednosti. Vojno delo, 64(2), 123-138. http://www.odbrana.mod.gov.rs/odbrana-stari/vojni_casopisi/arhiva/VD_2012-leto/Vojno%20delo%20-%20leto%202012.pdf (09.05.2020).
Lacinák, M., & Ristvej, J. (2017). Smart city, safety and security. Procedia engineering, 192, 522-527. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.06.090
Lamplugh-Trust, S. (2020), What is Personal Safety?https://www.ukconstructionmedia.co.uk/case-study/slt-personal-safety (09.05.2020).
Lim, H., Kim, C., Eck, J. E., & Kim, J. (2016). The crime-reduction effects of open-street CCTV in South Korea. Security Journal, 29(2), 241-255.
Markovic, B. M., Ilić, D. T., & Krasulja, N. (2020). Smart city: A contemporary concept of urban sustainable development. Ecoforum Journal, 9(1).
McKinsey&Company, McKinsey Global Institute (2018). Smart Cities: Digital Solutions for a more livable future. McKinsey Global Institute, June 2018. https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/mckinsey/industries/capital%20projects%20and%20infrastructure/our%20insights/smart%20cities%20digital%20solutions%20for%20a%20more%20livable%20future/mgi-smart-cities-full-report.ashx (19.05.2020).
Mohanty, S. P., Choppali, U., & Kougianos, E. (2016). Everything you wanted to know about smart cities: The internet of things is the backbone. IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, 5(3), 60-70. https://doi.org/10.1109/MCE.2016.2556879
Piza, E. L., Gilchrist, A. M., Caplan, J. M., Kennedy, L. W., & O’Hara, B. A. (2016). The financial implications of merging proactive CCTV monitoring and directed police patrol: a cost–benefit analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 12(3), 403-429. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11292-016-9267-x
Piza, E. L., Welsh, B. C., Farrington, D. P., & Thomas, A. L. (2019). CCTV surveillance for crime prevention: A 40‐year systematic review with meta‐analysis. Criminology & Public Policy, 18(1), 135-159. https://doi.org/10.1111/1745-9133.12419.
Ratcliffe, J. H., & Groff, E. R. (2019). A longitudinal quasi-experimental study of violence and disorder impacts of urban CCTV camera clusters. Criminal justice review, 44(2), 148-164. (First Published December 3, 2018). https://doi.org/10.1177/0734016818811917
Ritchie H., R. M. (2020). Our World in Data. Downloaded from Urbanisation: https://ourworldindata.org/urbanization#:~:text=UN%20estimates%20therefore%20report%20that,55%20percent%20of%20the%20world (12.10.2020).
Rouse, M. (2012). CCTV (closed-circuit television). https://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/CCTV-closed-circuit-television (10.05.2020).
Ryberg, J. (2007). Privacy rights, crime prevention, CCTV, and the life of Mrs Aremac. Res Publica, 13(2), 127-143. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11158-007-9035-x
Siedschlag, A. (2020). Changing Perceptions of Security and Interventions. Retrieved 12 12, 2020 from Changing Perceptions of Security and Interventions: http://www.esci.at/eusipo/CPSI-WP4_4-Cultural_Issues.pdf (2020, 12 12).
Stojanović, B., & Mijatović, M. (2016). Poslovni video nadzor. https://pcpress.rs/poslovni-video%E2%80%91nadzor/ (10.05.2020).
Taylor, E. (2013). Surveillance Schools: A New Era in Education. In E. Taylor, Surveillance Schools: Security, Discipline and Control in Contemporary Education, London: Crime Prevention and Security Management. Palgrave Pivot, London. pp. 15-39 https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137308863_2
United Nations. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future, General Assembly Resolution 42/187, New York, December 11, 1987, downloaded from http://www.un-documents.net/our-common-future.pdf , p.39. (16.01.2020).
Waters, J., & Raiden, A. B. (2008). Consideration of personal safety in project deployment. In Procs 24th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September (pp. 1055-1064). https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.2614.4965
Welsh, B. C., & Farrington, D. P. (2004). Evidence-based crime prevention: The effectiveness of CCTV. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 6(2), 21-33. https://doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.cpcs.8140184 (11.05.2020).