Main Article Content
This study indicates the effects of financial crisis on birth rates in the Halabja province. Specifically, the results are shown that financial crisis that occurred from 2014 to 2018 make a steady decline in the birth rates in Halabja province. The data used in this paper are (the number of population, the number of birth and the number of death) through this period. The Data Description, five statistic formulas and SPSS version 22 are used to analyze these data. The results show that there is a strong relationship between the Financial crisis and birth rates in Halabja province during financial crises period.
This work (article) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Davalos, E., & Morales, L. F. (2017). The Economic crisis promotes fertility decline in poor areas: evidence from Colombia. The journal of Demographic Research, 37(27), 1-24. Retrieved from : https://www.demographic-research.org/volumes/vol37/27/37-27.pdf
Dommermuth, L., & Lappegard, T. (2016). Fertility trends after the financial crisis in Norway. The journal of Research department, statistic Norway, 1-13. Retrieved from https://epc2016.princeton.edu/papers/160328
Doo, K., Rose, S., Gabrielli, A. D., Giuseppe, Paterno, & Anna. (2014). Effects of the economic crises on fertility: A comparison between south Korea and Italy. The journal of sieds, LXIX(n), 1-15. Retrieved from http://www.sieds.it/listing/RePEc/journl/2015LXIX_2_RIEDS_223234_Kim_Gabrielli_DeRose_et_al.pdf
Franklin, A., Ana, B., & Elena, C. (2010). Financial Crises: Theory and Evidence. Journal of SSRN Electronic Journal, 1(1). Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1599424
Graham, E., Sabater, A., & Francesca, F. (2016). Fertility Change in the Context of Economic Recession in Italy and Spain. Centre for population change, 36, 1-4. Retrieved from http://www.cpc.ac.uk/docs/BP36_Fertility_Change_in_the_Context_of_Economic_Recession.pdf
Haupt, A., & Kane, T. T. (2000). Population Handook (4 ed.). Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau.
Kotzamanis, B., & Kostaki, A. (2016). The Implications of the Recent Economic Crisis on Fertility in Greece. European Journal of Economics and Business Studies, 1, 1-18. Retrieved from http://journals.euser.org/files/articles/ejes_sep_dec_15/Byron.pdf
KRG, B. (2013). KRG Budget Law, Kurdish Version:. Retrieved from kurdistan parliament: https://www.kurdistan-parliament.org/files/articles/040313095603.pdf
Pallant, J. (2013). SPSS Survival Manual; A step by step guide to data analysis using IBM SPSS (5 ed.). MC-Graw Hill.
Silver, C. (2019). What Does a Negative Correlation Coefficient Mean? Retrieved from https://www.investopedia.com/ask/answers/041015/what-does-negative-correlation-coefficient-mean.asp.
Sobotka, T., Skirbekk, V., & Philipov, D. (2010). Economic recession and fertility in the development word. Journal of Vienna Institute of Demography, 37, 1-37. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2010/10/economic-recession-and-fertillity-2009.pdf
Stijn, C., & Ayhan Kose, M. (2013). Financial Crises: Explanations, Types, and Implications. The journal of SSRN Electronic Journal, 13(28), 4 - 5. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2212005
Zandi, M. (2008). Financial shock. United States of America. Tim Moore.